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The 10 Most Influential People in Cryptocurrencies & Blockchain 2018

The cryptocurrency and blockchain world is evolving at an alarming rate.

It’s so current that if your crypto-project started back in 2015, it’s considered ancient technology. Every day dozens of ICOs launch, with millionaires being made on the daily. With this constant evolution and a revolving door of founders, CEOs and blockchain gurus, who, in 2018, can we view as a mainstay, or as a real industry influence?

 

We’ve handpicked 10 people that we think you should know about.

In no particular order…

 

Vitalik Buterin – The greatest mind?

As the co-founder of Ethereum and Bitcoin Magazine, the Russian-Canadain programmer is seen as one of the greatest minds in the ‘cryptosphere’. Buterin started out as a programmer and writer, producing his first articles in exchange for 5 bitcoins each (which would now be about $50,000 per piece). He became a co-founder of Bitcoin Magazine based on his Bitcoin blogging abilities.

Vitalik later invented Ethereum as he felt that Bitcoin didn’t offer a scripting language for application development. He has also had a hand in many other projects, including Kryptokit, pybitcointools, multisig.info, btckeysplit, DarkWallet, Bitcoin Python libraries, and the cryptocurrency marketplace site Egora.

 

Nick Szabo – The legal genius?

Szabo invented the concept of smart contracts, and has been working as a computer scientist, cryptographer and legal scholar since the 1990s. Assumed by many as the true identity of Satoshi Nakamura (the unknown inventor of Bitcoin), he denies these reports and goes about his work in cryptography and micropayment technology.

You can learn more about Nick in his interview with Tim Ferris.

 

Charlie Lee – The idea generator?

Charlie is busy, he’s the creator of Litecoin and Litepay, as well as being the former Director of Engineering at Coinbase. His childhood was pretty interesting, being born in the Ivory Coast to parents from Shanghai, before moving to the US and studying at the prestigious MIT. Lee built Litecoin back in 2011, based on the Bitcoin architecture, but four times more efficient (which is why there are 84m Litecoins compared to Bitcoin’s 21m).

Lee is an influencer for many reasons, but one thing that stands out is his dedication to push the industry forward through technology and ethics, something he proved by donating his entire Litecoin stash after being accused of using his influence to affect prices for personal gain. His work for Coinbase has enabled countless wannabe traders to enter the market, and his work with Litepay could change everything in regards to brick and mortar businesses entering the cryptosphere!

 

Andreas Antonopolous – The most trusted voice?

British-Greek Bitcoin advocate and host of Let’s Talk Bitcoin podcast (which now has 358 episodes!) Antonopolous has been shouting through a megaphone about the revolutionary potential of Bitcoin since its early days. He even quit his job as a freelance consultant and started travelling around, speaking at conferences about Bitcoin, and that was back in 2012.

Some have called him the most trusted voice of Bitcoin, Antonopolous is a fantastic writer and proponent of the cryptocurrency movement.

 

Philip Nunn – The expert advisor?

British crypto-expert, speaker and ICO specialist Nunn has been working in the financial services industry for 15 years, and has a burgeoning reputation.

We welcomed Phillip on episode 14 of the Crypto Pulse podcast, which you can listen to here.

His own LinkedIn account states: ‘Phillip has become a well-known, online influencer in the blockchain and crypto space and has travelled the world evangelising and talking on these subjects. Phillip has sat on the advisory boards of many ICO’s over the past 12 months and has helped structure and fund some of the biggest companies of the future. Along with his business Wealth Chain, Phillip will be launching his own crypto fund that looks to invest in ICO’s along with existing blockchain technology companies.

Catch him speaking at some of this year’s biggest Blockchain expos, like this one.

 

Marc Andreessen – The early pioneer?

If you working in the computer business, we’re pretty sure you already know of Andreessen, the inventor of Mosaic (the first widely-used computer browser) and Netscape. He sits on the board of directors of Facebook, eBay, and Hewlett Packard, and he sits on the world wide web hall of fame. He’s hot property.

But what about his crypto adventures? Well, his firm, Andreessen Horowitz, has invested hundreds of millions of dollars into various cryptocurrencies, mainly Bitcoin, and boasts more than 500% returns! His personal wealth is estimated to be around £900m, with a percentage accreditable to his wise crypto-strategies.

Is Andreessen a hodler? Reports from his firm suggest they expect big wins in around 10 years. That’s long-term thinking!

 

John Matonis – The wordsmith?

Economist, Founding Director of the Bitcoin Foundation, CEO of Hushmail and Chief Currency Dealer at VISA – his resume is just the start. Matonis claims to have met Satoshi Nakamoto, the mysterious alias behind Bitcoin’s true creator, who he claims is Craig Steven Wright. Wright even claims that he is Satoshi Nakamoto, and actually has pretty good evidence – the bizarre thing being that few actually believe him.

Matonis is a key figure in the written crypto-sphere, contributing to CoinDesk as a writer, as well as having a popular Medium blog.

 

Roger Ver – Polarising pumper or divisive dumper?

Love him or hate him, you can’t deny that he has a massive influence on the cryptosphere. His Wikipedia page reads like the life story of some kind of wacky freedom fighter; he’s been imprisoned for selling explosives on eBay, he tried to enter politics with the Libertarian Party, he self-taught Japanese whilst in prison, he renounced his US citizenship and became a citizen of St Kitts and Nevis, even though he lives in Japan and was born in California, and, he put over $1m into bitcoin-related startups in 2011, leading him to have the early moniker ‘Bitcoin Jesus’.

 

He’s a divisive figure, on one hand, he has donated large amounts of bitcoin to causes like the Foundation for Economic Education, and helped to launch both Ripple and Blockchain.info, and on the other hand, he supports insider trading and wants the bitcoin blocksize limit increased, which is something that most believe would do more harm than good.

 

Brian Armstrong – The banker?

Co-founder and CEO of Coinbase, it’s hard to compile a list of who is most influential in the cryptosphere without mentioning the guy who runs the most common market entry point. So, Coinbase might not be popular in everyone’s books, but we appreciate that they make entering the crypto trading game pretty easy, meaning that the industry can grow, more investment can come in, and people who want to trade but aren’t so technical can start moving their chess pieces.

Before Coinbase, Armstrong was a software engineer at Airbnb, another platform that revolutionised a major industry – does he have some kind of secret recipe for success?

Coinbase and Armstrong are in the process of launching ‘Coinbase Index Fund’, with a lot of PR and marketing work to get adoption. This means that digital assets will be able to be invested in on Coinbase.

 

Sunny Lu – The wildcard?

So, Sunny Lu is probably the one name on this list that almost nobody will have heard of, but if you have – kudos! In the Chinese blockchain world, Sunny is very important, and more frequently now, his articles, research, and talks are getting translated into foreign languages for a western audience.

He’s the CEO of VeChain, which has some of the best technology China has produced behind it. It can do amazing things, and will potentially facilitate IoT integration, something that IOTA has claimed but not yet proven.

Sunny’s approach to the blockchain is quite different – he suggests a system in which we build useful tools, wait to see how they are applied by users, then use the application scenarios to support the development of the technology used to build the system in the first place. That may sound confusing, but it actually makes perfect sense, and in a way, it’s how Amazon has managed to scale and improve constantly – they have programming teams who use the common solutions that customers require to influence how they redesign their system.

 

Conclusion

We could only put 10 people on this list, but there are so many influencers in this industry. We’d love to hear from you about your favorite cryptocurrency figures, so email us at hello@crypulse.co.uk

Blockchain is on a Mission to Murder Facebook!

Unless you’ve been living under a digital rock recently, you will have heard people on the news, and on your various social media feeds talking about how Facebook allowed the personal data of about 50 million people to be harvested by a political consultancy.

This harvesting had a dramatic effect on the US election, and Brexit, as well as other global events, thanks to Cambridge University student Aleksandr Hogan, who used a third-party app to take all of this data and transfer it to Cambridge Analytica for commercial and political use. Hogan was also the whistleblower for his own work.

In Episode 16 of the podcast, we discussed this very subject. You can listen here:\

 

Since this has happened:

  • Mark Zuckerberg said “I’m really sorry that this happened”.
  • Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg said “We know that this was a major violation of people’s trust, and I deeply regret that we didn’t do enough to deal with it.”
  • Facebook plans to audit and investigate thousands of suspicious apps
  • An online petition called for Facebook to notify the 50 million people involved
  • Facebook restricts third-party access for developers
  • Zuckerberg stated that Hogan and Cambridge Analytica said that the data had been destroyed back in 2015
  • Jonathan Albright, a research director at the Tow Center for Digital Journalism said “This problem is part of Facebook and cannot be split off as an unfortunate instance of misuse. It was standard practice and encouraged. Facebook was literally racing towards building tools that opened their users’ data to marketing partners and new business verticals. So this is something that’s inherent to the culture and design of the company.”

 

Facebook’s weak apology

Zuckerberg may not be a media darling, but when you make a monumental error, like, I don’t know, accidentally giving 50 million sets of personal data to an organisation that is hell-bent on changing the world through influencing elections, you should probably grovel for mercy. The ‘Zuck’ doesn’t seem all that bothered, saying “We also made mistakes, there’s more to do, and we need to step up and do it.”

 

How this scandal affected Trump’s rise to power

Both horrifying and impressive (from a growth hacking perspective), Cambridge Analytica took that data, performed intensive survey research, data modelling and performance-optimisation algorithms, and used it to get billions of views from around 10,000 different adverts in the build-up to the election.

Despite Trump’s campaign building up a lot of momentum by the time Cambridge Analytica joined his team in June 2016, he did not yet have a data-led political campaign strategy that used the techniques listed in the previous paragraph. This is how Cambridge Analytica came to influence the elections, and if you remember how close Hillary Clinton was to victory, you could say that this data harvest was the difference.

It is reported that Clinton was so confident of winning, that they gave up their Election Day masthead on the youtube.com homepage. Trump’s campaign paid for the space and posted ads depending on the state. Another part of their campaign sent anti-Clinton ‘facts’ to her swing state supporters.

 

What data does Facebook have on you?

  • Everything on the site – Your name, age, marital status, employment history etc
  • Everything you do on the site – likes, shares, follows, friends, photos, updates etc
  • Everything their trackers see – the websites you visit, for example, so that they can give you better adverts

Facebook will actually give you all of this data, on request, here.

 

How can blockchain solve this problem?

This is what you’ve really come to see – our take on how the blockchain can provide a solution to Facebook, a platform that has famously shunned the cryptosphere of late. Could it be a famous scenario, where Facebook’s lack of interest actually blossoms into a love obsession? We think it can, but not on its own.

Facebook is broken, it is a centralised organisation that can deeply impact our frail society, as we have proved in this article. But, what if the blockchain could help users regain power over their content? Here’s an example, instead of giving your photos to Facebook, you’d share them on the blockchain with the certain people that you want to see them, and that could be your entire friends list, the difference being that the photos would still belong to you.

The problem at this stage is that the blockchain has not really got invested in mainstream social media technology, and so at best right now, it would only offer increased data transparency, meaning you’d be able to see that Facebook sold your data to an advertiser, but you couldn’t actually do anything to stop that transaction in the first place.

Another problem exists. Does Facebook want to be fixed? It is a user-generated utopia for marketers unlike any other in the world, and for that reason, they make an absolute killing from advertisers. Change the structure, and you might risk the income. Facebook turns our personal data into advertising slots, and claim that they are the only ones trusted to safely extract value from this. It’s now evident that they’re wrong. It’s evident that the blockchain needs to create a social media that can actually rival Facebook.

 

Check out this video to see some of the supporters of the #DeleteFacebook movement.

What solutions has the blockchain already developed?

We’ve picked out three ingenious ideas for combining social media and the blockchain.

First up…

 

Indorse.io

Indorse is branded as ‘The Decentralized Professional Network’ that promises to create a revolutionary platform for the skills economy. It sounds great, especially as it’s made on Ethereum and based on two key issues: skills validation is very tough to do in the unregulated online world, due mainly to bias and fraud, and, you have to give up too much personal data when signing up for most social media sites. Indorse believe that users often get nothing in exchange for their data, which is unfair.

So how did they solve these issues? –They explain that ‘Indorse uses different methods to validate skills in a simple and objective way, for example: Decentralized consensus, where examples of skill are judged anonymously by random other users. Or A.I. based systems like chat bots for automated real-time validation.’

‘Users are rewarded for their activity on the platform with IND tokens. These tokens can later be traded or used on the platform to purchase services like advertising, or company pages with validated connections.’

Read more about Indorse

 

investFeed

We welcomed crypto-expert Phillip Nunn on episode 14 of the Crypto Pulse podcast, in which he mentioned investfeed, which is ‘a cryptocurrency epicenter combining a rich base of enthusiasts, investors, and innovators all looking towards the goal of revolutionizing the way we invest in and develop blockchain technology.’

Essentially, it’s a blockchain social media for people interested in the blockchain, so no pictures of your colleague’s dinner or baby photos from your old classmates.

Who is it for? – It’s for anyone who wants to use an open, transparent, and rewards-based platform for all users and content contributors. They welcome all newcomers, professionals, projects, journalists, or news outlets to join the community.

What’s their mission – “As we slowly reach beyond web 2.0 — the age of user-generated content and interoperability — we wish to use blockchain technology to be in the Vanguard of web 3.0 development. The development of our singular gateway for the crypto-community seeks to reward users who contribute towards our common goals of transparency and democracy.” – Ronald Chernesky, CEO of investFeed

Learn more about investFeed

 

Steemit

‘Your voice is worth something’ – these are the first words you see on their website, and it’s clearly something that Facebook could learn from. Are we worth more than likes and data breaches? Who knows.

What is Steemit?- This blockchain based social media site is a ‘living, breathing and growing social economy’ where content creators can be rewarded for sharing their stories. Gain people’s attention to really earn.

How does Steemit work?- The site has its own STEEM cryptocurrency, and its own blockchain platform which even hosts a range of other sites whose content gets sent to Steemit too. All the content goes to a ledger and each day new STEEM tokens are minted and added to a community reward pool, from which the most voted-for writers will earn. Users who have more tokens will get to decide who gets more tokens, through a concept called ‘Steem Power’.

Like Indorse.io and investFeed, Steemit is sharing the rewards with the users, and too right!

Learn more about Steemit

 

Did we miss something important from this blog? Email us at hello@cryptopulse.co.uk to let us know

“Revolutionizing Crowdfunding” Cryptopulse Interview with iCrowdU

In episode 15, Kevin spoke to Alex Holtermann and Ian Wright from iCrowdu, an exciting blockchain project set to change the crowdfunding space, potentially forever!

These exciting entrepreneurs are on a mission to disrupt the crowdfunding space with a revolutionary approach to the blockchain.

In this recap article, we will be pulling some of the key quotes from Alex and Ian…

 

Kevin: So, how did your crypto journey begin?

Alex: It began several years ago, around 5 years ago when I first read and heard about Bitcoin. Then, initially I wasn’t so sure, some friends of mine in Hong Kong asked me about it and whether they should buy some. I was like ‘Ah, buy a bit, sell it, and it will be ok. I don’t think this will be sustainable’.

 

So, initially, I wasn’t very keen, but then about three years ago, Ian and I had a class together (we did our MBA together) and in a team we worked on the legalities of cryptocurrency and I was introducing Bitcoin to the class, and that’s when I was really getting into it, and these little mining machines and how the technology works behind it.

 

Then, I came up with a mini business plan and introduced it to quite a few friends and said ‘Look guys, if we can raise half a mission dollars together, I have this place somewhere that electricity is very cheap and we could triple or quadruple the money’. They said ‘Ah, rubbish, all this Bitcoin stuff. Nah, it’s never going to fly!’. Had they listened, this would probably have turned into $50 million today!’

 

Kevin: From this idea around mining Bitcoin, how did that bring you to start a crypto project?

Ian: Well, for example my first introduction and understanding of cryptocurrency came when Alex gave this lecture at the university about Bitcoin. We set up iCrowdU as a crowdfunding platform, we saw many problems in the crowdfunding industry that needed to be changed – young companies are always going to need capital. It was a clear fit.

 

From day one, really, we had spoken about the blockchain, and one of our very early investors is actually also a blockchain expert. It was a question of how to actually implement it, and the costs when we were getting set up on our own when funds were very limited. This year, things have changed, we actually just completed out C-round [of investment] and realised our goal of pulling everything onto the Blockchain, and that has resulted in the CrowdToken.

 

The big goal is to build our own Blockchain and put the entire company and all processes on there.

 

Kevin: If I had never come across iCrowdU before, Ian, could you explain in Layman’s Terms what the project does, and what problem it solves?

Sure! So, essentially what the CrowdToken begins with is offering any of our customers an immediate return by offering a discount on products, so I suppose to really explain the full story we have to go to our company iCrowdU, where it all began.

 

We developed a concept, a business model called ‘consolidated crowdfunding’ that enables people who are searching for funding for their companies and projects to actually combine different funding mechanisms, like traditional donations and rewards, but adding Peer-to-Peer lending, equity investments and royalty deals and a way to combine all of these options into one kind of project or package and then present it to a wider range of potential backers, and on an international scale. We are heavily focused on Asia, we have a company set up in China and in Hong Kong, and we want to bring European companies out to the East.

 

Kevin: Just so I understand this correctly, you’re looking at doing crowdfunding for projects and for physical items as well. I know on your website there’s an example of some sneakers/trainers. If I’m a private manufacturer and I’ve got 20,000 sneakers to sell, I could put them on this platform, right? I’m just confused how the company funding works alongside that. Are there two separate options?

Ian: There are two sides to it, because with the allowing so that existing companies with products [can use it], it’s about opening new markets as well. One of our slogans is that the crowd comes before the funding, and it’s not only about crowdfunding, it’s about connecting companies and projects with a large group of people who can be beneficial to them. So, if you have an existing producer of trainers/sneakers, and they’re in the UK for example, but they want to go to China and access the Chinese market, well, that’s not so easy.

 

Aaaaand that’s your lot for now! If you want to know how iCrowdU helps companies enter the Chinese market, you will have to listen to the rest of the podcast. You will also hear the full details of Ian and Alex’s journey, including 32 minutes that cover:

  • The problem iCrowdu is solving by providing a peer to peer service between producers & consumers. They save a staggering 70% on average bypassing traditional e-commerce or retail channels
  • How the crowd token will work to help fund projects
  • The power of the crowd to help products go viral!
  • Some of the issues around current crowdfunding methods such as Kickstarter

 

Cryptopulse Interviews Blockchain & ICO Expert Phillip Nunn

Episode 14 was arguably our biggest show so far, with crypto expert Phillip Nunn joining us for 36 minutes of epic crypto and blockchain exploration.

Who is Phillip Nunn?

Phillip founded Blackmore back in 2013, a business with substantial assets and a suite of investment products for individuals and institutions in the UK and overseas. He has more than 15 years of experience in financial services, he’s a specialist in wealth management, angel investment, commercial property investment and financial technologies (FinTech). Blackmore was founded on the core belief that clients should be given real and tangible alternatives to poor investment performances.

In the cryptosphere, many of Phillip’s 180,000+ LinkedIn followers are there because of his global influence as a speaker at some of the world’s biggest blockchain events and because of his online influencing activity. He has sat on advisory boards of many ICOs over the last 12 months and has helped structure and fund some of the biggest companies of the future. Along with his business, ‘Wealth Chain’, Phillip will be launching his own crypto fund to invest in ICOs and existing blockchain technologies.

Enough about his impressive bio, we’re going to enlighten you to an abridged version of some of what Phillip said during the podcast, without giving too much away.

 

How did Phillip get into crypto?

We were curious how he came to be this mega-influencer in the space, but we wanted to start from the beginning. Phillip told us ‘I’ve been intrigued by the space for many years, my background is financial services, then it crossed over into FinTech, so that was really the sort of bridge to the technology side of the fence, and then ultimately I’ve always been intrigued by distributed ledger technology and the advent of blockchain via things like blockchain blowing up. It’s been a gradual process really.’

Kevin ‘nodded’ in agreement too when Nunn said ‘Now I’m completely obsessed and I never sleep’. We are sure that some of our listeners have the same crypto-insomnia issues!

 

How do you sniff out a good project as an investor?

You’re only as good as your track record, right? So, Phillip is on a pretty epic run in terms of his investment choices, but that’s not down to luck, there’s far more to it than that. With an abundance of ICOs, and many garbage ones out there, we weren’t surprised to hear him say that ‘the industry’s got ahead of itself’ and ‘even my gran can do an ICO’.

Phillip is a big fan of blockchain platforms and backed this up by explaining that 17 out of the top 20 cryptocurrencies on coinmarketcap.com are platforms. In making investment decisions, he said ‘I think the absolute fundamental for me is the tokenomics have to be right, so ‘why are you doing an ICO? Why are you not looking for angel investment? Why are you not going to the cattle markets, raising private equity or looking for VC money?’

So, is the fact that anyone can do an ICO a big risk for investors? Apparently not, if you’re switched on. ‘The market is maturing and people are much more switched on nowadays when the ICO market first popped up you could ICO anything and raise money’ he told us, adding ‘People are really looking at more sophisticated ways to choose an ICO’.

 

What kind of project gets Phillip excited?

‘The ICOs that really sort of get me going, in the most appropriate way and sense possible, are ICOs that have an experienced team and an established business that is pivoting that business into a blockchain strategy’ he shared, before giving us his checklist of things to be wary of.

  • Established team
  • Track record
  • Turnover
  • Active business
  • Technology works
  • A viable use case for blockchain fundraiser
  • Raised a few £mllion early doors to validate interest
  • Legitimate interest in the project

 

White paper talk

White papers are pretty contentious, let’s be honest. You can write whatever you like and if it’s passable as interesting technology, you could become an overnight millionaire. Without regulation, this won’t change, unless education dramatically increases and people become more aware. So, what’s Phillip’s take on all of this?

‘The market is starting to mature, and actually, the guaranteed success of ICOs will reduce because of that’ he stated, ‘last year you could put money into an ICO and make 3,000-4,000% for no real value at all.’

So, should people read the white papers? Phillip says yes, ‘I’d recommend that people do have a read of the white paper, but I think that top, high-level people, you’re looking at the strength of the team. Have they raised money before? Are they an established business? What’s the blockchain strategy?’.

 

How does Phillip Nunn find a good ICO then?

He does three things –

  • Look for impartial reviews on ICOs
  • Follow a due diligence process (which he joked has 27 factors)
  • Work with his team to research the 250+ ICO offers they receive every month

We are sure that having Phillip Nunn also helps improve the chance of success, he even said that perhaps is the ‘tabasco’ for ICOs.

 

What does Phillip think about others in the investment space?

‘I think there’s a balance between if the next IOTA or the next Monero looks like it’s coming along, then maybe that’s a buy and hold [situation], but actually I think if we’re all honest, a lot of people here are looking for short-term gains and they’re looking to pick ICOs that they will get in cheap and get out quite quickly. I think that will evolve when governance and regulations come in, it will settle down and people will have long-term strategies.’

We couldn’t agree more!

 

Which sectors are most at threat from disruption in Phillip’s opinion?

‘If you’d asked me this two weeks ago I would have listed about 15 different industries that are going to be absolutely turned on their head, but I’ve had my epiphany, and we’re all getting a bit too far ahead of ourselves. We’re still building the foundations of the blockchain industry and cryptocurrency industry, so I think personally for the next 12, maybe 18 months, the companies that are really going to thrive are the companies that are platform based, they offer a solution’ he told us, and naturally we were curious what he meant by this.

‘We are still in the infrastructure phase’ we were told, ‘I think we’ll have over $1 trillion market cap by the end of this year and I think that the big pension funds, the big ETFs, the big institutional money is going to find its way into the industry this year, whereby clients portfolios will see a 5% allocation to crypto because you just can’t ignore the growth and what it is doing. It’s a chicken and egg, they’re waiting to invest but they can’t monetize it because there’s no regulation there at the moment. I think that’s going to be the tipping point, where actually in line with regulation there will be an absolute avalanche of money coming into the industry, so I think it’s going to be a good thing.’

 

If you want to know what else Phillip enlightened us about, you’ll have to listen to the podcast!

The Top Five Crypto Fails of All Time!

The Top Five Crypto Fails of All Time!

Welcome back! We’ve got a treat for you here, or is it a trick? It’s hard to tell with some of these crypto fails, and, of course, there were so many crazy tales from the cryptosphere that we couldn’t possibly write about them all. We’ve chosen five that the Cryptopulse team thought were pretty darn hilarious!

Listen to this story in podcast form here.

10,000 Bitcoins… for pizza?!

May 22nd, 2010, programmer Laszlo Hanyecz paid a fellow ‘Bitcoin Talk’ forum user 10,000BTC for two Papa John’s pizzas. At this time, Bitcoin was only about a year old, and all of those BTC were worth just $25. At today’s price, that’s about £66.5m for our British readers, and $92m in US dollars. Staggering.

This is largely considered the first real-world Bitcoin transaction, and is celebrated as such each May 22nd. For most people reading, this is pretty hilarious, at Laszlo’s expense!

“It wasn’t like bitcoins had any value back then, so the idea of trading them for a pizza was incredibly cool” – Hanyecz in 2013, denying the fail.

Millions lost when Mt Gox collapsed

This fail is much worse than £66m pizza – this fail cost nearly half a billion.

In February 2014, then largest crypto-trading platform ‘Mt Gox’ went bankrupt and shut down, losing 850,000 bitcoins and £22m of user cash. The Tokyo-based exchange pointed the finger towards hackers who exploited a software security weakness, but later revealed they had found 200,000 of the coins.

The fail deepens. The chief of Mt Gox, Mark Karpelés was arrested, accused of embezzlement of user funds, and is largely responsible for the total fail that left 127,000 people out of pocket and claiming money back. He managed to avoid prison, but must remain in Japan.

Karpelés is a bit of a failure specialist as it happens, having been caught ‘pirating’ servers several times in France, and being accused by Ross Ulbricht, creator of the Silk Road, as the true mastermind behind the dark web marketplace.

Where did HODL come from?

If you caught Episode 3 of our podcast, you’ll know all about HODL, and the story that accompanies it. But if not, or if you want further detail, here’s the post that led to the crypto-culture slang.

‘I type d that tyitle twice because I knew it was wrong the first time.  Still wrong. w/e. GF’s out at a lesbian bar, BTC crashing WHY AM I HOLDING? I’LL TELL YOU WHY.  It’s because I’m a bad trader and I KNOW I’M A BAD TRADER. Yeah you good traders can spot the highs and the lows pit pat piffy wing wong wang just like that and make a millino bucks sure no problem bro.  Likewise the weak hands are like OH NO IT’S GOING DOWN I’M GONNA SELL he he he and then they’re like OH GOD MY ASSHOLE when the SMART traders who KNOW WHAT THE FUCK THEY’RE DOING buy back in but you know what?  I’m not part of that group. When the traders buy back in I’m already part of the market capital so GUESS WHO YOU’RE CHEATING day traders NOT ME~! Those taunt threads saying “OHH YOU SHOULD HAVE SOLD” YEAH NO SHIT.  NO SHIT I SHOULD HAVE SOLD. I SHOULD HAVE SOLD MOMENTS BEFORE EVERY SELL AND BOUGHT MOMENTS BEFORE EVERY BUY BUT YOU KNOW WHAT NOT EVERYBODY IS AS COOL AS YOU. You only sell in a bear market if you are a good day trader or an illusioned noob.  The people inbetween hold. In a zero-sum game such as this, traders can only take your money if you sell.

so i’ve had some whiskey

actually on the bottle it’s spelled whisky

w/e

sue me

(but only if it’s payable in BTC)’

 

Explanation – Man gets drunk, decided to hold his crypto, misspells the title and becomes bitcoin folklore and slang!

Guy threw out 7,500 bitcoin in a hard drive

Well, at least Laszlo got two pizzas for his £45m loss! In terms of crypto fails, this is a bad one.

Meet James Howells, from Newport, Wales, who threw out 7,500 bitcoins. Howells bought his Bitcoin back in 2009, when the tech was very new, and after years he simply forgot about it, until the boom. Then he remembered, oh boy, did he remember!

After spilling a hot drink on his computer, he simply threw it away. Now, he’s on a mission to get it back, and he says that it should be easier than if he’d lost a lottery ticket, in theory. Quite optimistic there James…

He’s on the lookout for investors who will help him excavate his local landfill to try and find the bitcoins, in exchange for a cut.

“I could go back to work for the rest of my life but then I would always be thinking about it,” Mr Howells said. “At least if I give it a shot, then it’s checked, the box is checked, I tried.”

Bitcoin and CoinDaddy

We couldn’t decided which of these was a more tragic crypto fail – a 79 year-old rapper called Bitcoin, or a rapper who ‘spits’ exclusively about different cryptocurrencies called CoinDaddy.

Where do we even begin with this one?

Bitcoin

He raps about not having a cell phone, and that he still uses a landline, and he publicly addressed Donald Trump in what can only be described as… strange (link: viewer discretion advised). Bitcoin also has a song about smoking weed for his glaucoma. Why he is called Bitcoin we still don’t know, but he claims that whilst making a pilot for a new tv series, he was asked for make a rap music video for a sketch, and it evolved from there.

One thing that is not part of our crypto fails concept, is the message behind his music, which is to help himself live longer and to remind other elderly people that they are still capable of doing the things they enjoy.

Learn about Bitcoin here.

CoinDaddy

Self-described as a bitcoin entertainer, personality and crypto-rapper, CoinDaddy is the sort of cryptospherical (it’s a new word) evolution that nobody in their right mind envisioned.

Laugh at him all you like, his shameless approach to ‘stardom’ has earned him a lot of crypto, a lot of YouTube revenue, and a lot of fans. He lives in the California Bay Area too, so he can’t be doing too badly!

In CoinDaddy’s cover of Eminem’s Stan, he does a pretty good job of writing a letter to Charlie Lee, founder of Litecoin. Here’s the chorus…

‘Charlie Lee just sold I’m wondering why

I bought Litecoin at all

The morning FUD drove down the price so

Now I can’t sell at all

And even if I could I would still just hold

With my limit on the wall

To remind me that I’ve got these bags, I’ve got these bags’

 

What did we miss?

We want to hear your favorite crypto fails. Please email us at hello@cryptopulse.co.uk

Can You Run a Business With Only Cryptocurrency?

Can you run a business with only cryptocurrency?

It seems like only 5 minutes ago that hearing the term ‘cryptocurrency’ meant you had to do a Google search, bypass swathes of misinformation or ask your most clued-up and techy friend what this concept was all about.

Now, every man and his dog owns 0.01 Bitcoin, encourages all of their friends to sign up to Coinbase and acts like a financial advisor.

Beyond the jokes, cryptocurrency is serious, as demonstrated by the $425bn+ market capitalisation. Whilst money has been poured in, and early adopters have benefited, we are being asked this same question over and over –

‘Can you run a business with only cryptocurrency?’

Examples of businesses running solely on crypto

Finding examples of businesses who only accept cryptocurrencies was actually a lot harder than we thought it would be. We had to ask around, do a lot of Google searching, and appeal to Quora (more on that later). Ultimately, we found several examples:

  • Paralelní Polis (Bitcoin Coffee) – Prague

This Bitcoin only café in the capital of the Czech Republic was set up by crypto-anarchist collective Ztohoven, which translates as ‘Frozen’. The idea behind this café is to introduce Bitcoin and the concept of cryptocurrencies to the average person on the street, according to a barista who has a virtual wallet chip implanted into her wrist. A flat screen on the wall monitors the price of Bitcoin and a hole-in-the-wall machine by the entrance allows you to exchange cash for Bitcoin.

Inspired by Bitcoin Coffee in Prague, Nash Basel set up his own ‘crypto café’ on Aungier Street in Dublin. He had made some big profits in 6 months of cryptocurrency trading, sold out, and opened the café – his second in the area. Signs on the wall say ‘Hodl 4 life’ and a Coinbase stream of crypto-prices can be found on a screen. Whilst Nash’s intention was to make the café crypto-only, it hasn’t worked out that way, and despite accepting both Ethereum and Litecoin, he has had only 20 paying customers as of Feb 2018, and so decided to accept cash too. The thought is there, it’s still absolutely commendable. Good luck Nash!

  • The Legends Room – Las Vegas

This is a bit different, but it certainly leverages the privacy of cryptocurrencies and virtual wallets. It’s a Las Vegas Strip Club that accepts Bitcoin, and they have some hilarious marketing material, including posing dancers with theoretical Bitcoin manuals (see below). The idea came from martial arts expert Nick Blomgren, who wanted a more secure way for men to keep their strip club trips secret from their wives and partners. Even more bizarrely, you can pay for dances by scanning the barcodes on the strippers’ bodies, and get a 20% discount for doing so. Blomgren claims that this benefits the dancers, as some banks will shut down the accounts of those who work in the adult entertainment industry.

Again, this business is not crypto-only, but it’s close, and becoming increasingly popular.

Moving on…

Run a business with only cryptocurrency? These are your common issues

FIAT

Getting FIAT can be an issue. For businesses with physical premises, setting up standing orders to pay bills and suppliers is a major issue. To do these things, you have to sell your coins, it’s as simple as that. Until utility companies start accepting crypto, it will stay this way.

Accepting payments

By only accepting crypto, you cut out a huge portion of the market. However, if you have faith in the market’s potential for growth, you can undercut large companies, charge a lower price, and use this as an incentive to get people to buy crypto.

Tax

Tax is complicated in the crypto world. In the UK, you would only have to pay tax on your crypto-assets when you convert them to FIAT… unless you’re using that FIAT money to pay expenses. So, if you keep all profits as crypto, and pay all expenses as FIAT, you will run at a loss whilst making a profit. Confused? Rightly so.

Who is best positioned to accept cryptocurrency?

Online businesses are, right now, the most likely and best facilitated for accepting cryptocurrencies as a form of payment. Brick and mortar businesses are going to need more time to adopt, because if you rely on customers walking in off the street, you rely on everyone having crypto-assets, and this is not true yet. We believe that eventually, enough people will hodl crypto to allow for crypto-only brick and mortar businesses, but it may take a long time to adopt.

Online businesses selling digital assets, like ebooks, video tutorials or web services are even better placed, as they have no physical overheads for these products, and so can exchange digital products or services for digital currencies. 

Litepay

Litepay is one of many solutions, but in our opinion, it’s in the top 1% for the crypto-to-fiat exchange market. It is a payment processor that exchanges Litecoin for Government fiat anywhere in the world, cross-border, international, and with an emphasis on being easy-to-use for businesses who want to accept crypto-payments.

Litepay solves two problems – sellers who want to sell in crypto but end up with fiat, and the volatility of the market forcing losses on customers. In fact, the system converts Litecoin to fiat immediately, so sellers are not at risk of fluctuating prices. Litecoin has appreciated in value tremendously in recent times, and those who have it, want to use it, and those who want it, want to accept it.

 

As mentioned earlier – we crowdsourced an answer by putting ‘Can you run a business with only cryptocurrency?’ on Quora.

Here is the top answer, from Franco Muñiz, Crypto enthusiast and investor.

“Yes, of course you can. But…there are limitations.

Do you mean running a business accepting only crypto as a payment method? Or maybe building it based on blockchain? Sure, you can. But you’d be limiting your reach to a relatively small audience. Also, cryptocurrency is meant to build decentralized services, so you won’t be precisely owning everything you make, it’ll be managed by the whole blockchain.

Crypto is still on it’s “dial-up” phase (remember when the internet made all these sounds and you couldn’t use it while someone was using the phone?), which means:

1- Not a lot of people use it. Nowadays it’s not a matter of accessibility, it costs nothing to get a wallet and all you need is a phone, PC, or any device with internet access. The problem is that crypto hasn’t yet been accepted as a currency by most people. Most of them think it’s just a bubble or only an investment method to get rich (or broke) quickly.

2- It doesn’t really have a use, because it’s still controlled by whales (people with a lot of money, even billions, controlling the market as they wish). Yeah, it works and everything, but did you notice what happens when Bitcoin goes down? Every altcoin goes down. No matter if it’s a token or a coin, if it has a great usage or an already working product, they’re all Bitcoin-dependant. And this problem won’t end until crypto gets more audience and it’s more reliable. We probably all agree that some, or most of our friends/family members don’t understand this world and just disregard it.

There are already a lot of companies using blockchain. One of my favorites is Dent. While still only available for Android/iOS just on USA and Mexico, it has an already working product. You can sell your unused mobile data every month, for Dent inside the app. Then, if you’re in need of data, or you travel to a country with a supported mobile carrier (yet to happen), you will be able to buy data super cheap and in a matter of seconds. No more expensive roaming. But as 99% of the coins, this one goes down if Bitcoin goes down.

So yeah. You can create your own coin/token, start an ICO, get some millions, and build a company based on the blockchain. It’s a great challenge and a modern/innovative project, but it’s still really early in crypto and if you intend to provide useful and common services, don’t expect your company to grow with the same audience other “normal” business may have.

If your intention is to make your company big, and earn money, you can start today with blockchain and see results in the long term, or you can run a business (anything other than crypto) and be able to go big, or, on the other hand, get knocked out by crypto in few years.

Thanks for reading! Any questions? email us hello@cryptopulse.co.uk

‘Cryptocurrency vs Traditional Money: An Environmental Comparison’

‘Cryptocurrency vs Traditional Money: An Environmental Comparison’

Unless you’re directly investing your money in carbon reduction systems or projects, it’s most likely that each time you spend money, you are increasing your carbon footprint. When you buy something from the internet, think of the process of events to make delivery possible, when you buy a tomato in your local shop, think of its supply chain and not only how it got to your shop, but the energy taken to grow it. Every action you make with your money causes a domino effect, and the file tile is carbon emission.

This is true for traditional currencies, like the dollar, pound or euro, but is it also true for cryptocurrency? In this article, we are going to try and find out.

 

Bitcoin vs the £

Wealth equals responsibility. The richest people in the world have the highest carbon footprint. In cryptocurrency terms, the biggest miners in the world have the largest ecological footprints due to energy consumption. The things you spend money on directly have a carbon value, but for crypto it’s harder to measure, as it’s all to do with processing transactions. One Bitcoin transaction could power an LED bulb for 500 hours.

In the real world, the most carbon negative way to spend your pounds are on budget flights, which many of us are guilty of. In the crypto world, the most carbon negative activity you can do is to mine Bitcoin. In truth, we should be looking to move away from Bitcoin, and support alternative technologies like IOTA that can be carbon neutral innovation tools.

Cost of printing

Central printing facilities don’t often release the figures on their activities. They may say the cost of materials, but they won’t say how much has been released, or, they may release statistics over a long period of time so that short-term data cannot be extracted. For this reason, the cost of printing comes with limited information. What we do know is that financial experts in the UK estimate that the new £5 notes cost about 3p each to produce. We also know that the government spent £75 million producing these notes, so if we assume that the entire £75m is absorbed by production, that makes £2.475 billion split in 495 million separate notes.

The new UK £5 weighs 0.7 grams (the paper notes are 0.9g), that gives us 346.5 tonnes of plastic notes. The notes will last 2.5 times longer, but cost 50% more to make than paper notes, meaning overall there are definitely benefits to this transition. However, transitioning equipment like ATMs and self-service checkouts will cost the British consumer £236 million, or about £4 each, so that’s something to consider too.

What is the environmental harm done by producing 346.5 tonnes of plastic banknotes, the energy required, the distribution, the machinery, the changes to technology and the energy required for people to go and exchange their old notes? Well, we don’t know for sure but it’s pretty large. If anyone has the formula for calculating this we’d love to know, just email hello@cryptopulse.co.uk

What if ATMs were a thing of the past

The mobile and digital payment technology, wireless transactions and cryptocurrencies payments accepted in more and more places, it seems like cash is on its way to becoming obsolete. Whilst cash is redundant for some, it does play an important role in society, especially for small businesses who work on a cash basis.

In Europe, on average, the number of ATMs is declining by 6% each year since 2010, according to Link, the network that connects most of the UK’s cash machines.

However, the decline in ATM usage is actually threatening bank branches, who are not needed as much, due to online and mobile banking, as well as the lessening use of cash. In theory, if the branches continue to close, they may, in fact, start improving ATMs and making them smarter, automating the processes that in-branch staff usually provide.

There’s both the potential for a world without ATMs, or a world in which ATMs do far more than just dispense cash. As it stands, we don’t know which way it will go. What we do know is that the carbon footprint and environmental damage done by banks would be a lot lower if they had fewer branches, more Smart ATMs and the ability to offer services linked to Cryptocurrencies.

Did you know? In Russia, deposits by security vans delivering cash to stock up machines have been cut in half by allowing customers to deposit money into their accounts via ATM. The environmental impact of halving all of these road miles is considerable.

What would a world with Crypto-cards look like?

Already there are companies like Monaco and BitPay Card offering cards that hold both traditional and cryptocurrencies. With Monaco, the accounts are free, offer exchanges at fair prices and even give 2% cashback of MCO, their own token, on crypto transactions. With this service, you are able to avoid bank fees (hooray), get real exchange rates (woop) and make instant exchanges and transfers (awesome).

The current crypto-sphere is far more accessible for people who want to save or trade, and a bit more confusing or frustrating for those who want to spend. Even VISA, the leading global payment solution put a blanket ban over crypto-cards, assumedly until there is more knowledge and legislation in place about their usage.

A world with crypto-cards might look very similar to the world we live in today. Cash withdrawals, contactless payment, and chip and pin services could all feature. Additional benefits could be that your mining activities are linked to your account, and so a regular stream of coin tops up your ‘bank’ balance.

Ultimately, does spending crypto have a smaller carbon footprint than cash?

The answer to this question lies solely in the crypto that you are using. If the token is Bitcoin, it’s likely that the environmental footprint is greater than traditional money. If it’s Ethereum you’re spending, the power consumption for transactions is just 8% of that for Bitcoin, though Bitcoin is worth around 10 times Ethereum, so it almost balances out. Litecoin also uses about 1/10th the power of Bitcoin for transactions (though you’d need around 60 litecoins* to equal one BTC).

 

*Cryptocurrency values are highly volatile and the figures stated in this article are liable to change

 

Bonus: Do you like talking about money? We interviewed a crypto-millionare on the podcast. https://www.cryptopulse.co.uk/episode-12/Listen here.

How Long Until Cryptocurrencies are Widely Adopted?

How long until cryptocurrencies are widely adopted?

‘It’ll never catch on’, ‘We’ve always done it this way’, and ‘I don’t see the point’. We’ve all heard naysayers, objectors and laggards try to reject change, but fortunately for the rest of us, change is inevitable.

Have you ever heard of, or seen the Innovation Adoption Lifecycle? It’s mostly applied in the tech world, for new gadgets and apps, but it’s equally applicable to cryptocurrencies. See the graph below, and rather than try to place yourself along this graph, try and make an educated guess as to where cryptocurrency has reached in wide society. It’s hard, right?

INNOVATION ADOPTION CYCLE

 

Trust

For cryptocurrencies to be widely adopted and accepted, they must first be trusted. How do they build trust? Well, positive experience and word of mouth is one way, but really the trust and adoption will almost correlate exactly. As more outlets become available for engaging different currencies, more people will start using them, and vice versa, as more people start using the currencies, more outlets will appear.

Wide adoption will come when everybody is using cryptocurrencies, but with objectors in the ranks, the only way to achieve this is to apply a system in which people don’t even realise they are using them. Then, we may face the issue in which people lose trust, because they feel that they are involuntarily using cryptocurrencies because of ‘the system’.

Much like any system, perfect trust and terms of use may never exist, though, if cryptocurrency can position itself right, it may win ultimate trust by virtue of doing a better job of banking than… banks. As an additional bonus, if a cryptocurrency fails, it’s not taxpayers’ money that will bail it out.

Avoiding central governments is a good thing because of currency manipulation

Central governments have been trading on the foreign exchange market for a long time, buying and selling their own currency in order to achieve a number of goals, such as controlling inflation, being competitive against rival currencies and achieving financial stability.

We don’t know about you, but generally, nobody likes to play a game where the house always wins. Since cryptocurrencies are decentralised, it’s a fair game across the board, with no governments interfering with values and movements.

Central governments also like to do something called ‘quantitative easing’, in which they print more money and inject it into the economy when it’s being sluggish, to act as a stimulant. It doesn’t always work, as it initially pushes down the price of the dollar.

With cryptocurrencies, miners are able to help process transactions in order to earn pieces of the currency, and this is how the circulating supply increases. The owners or designers of the currencies cannot simply invent new coins to throw into the marketplace, as this would be fraudulent. Some cryptocurrencies are capped forever, without the potential for mining, such as Ripple, IOTA, NEO and EOS.

Historical currency changes

Let’s bypass cattle, crop, human, and resource trading and start with actual coins. Between the Mesopotamians and the Babylonians, both currency, and the concept of debt, property, compensation and business really became a necessity.

After more than 3,000 years of refining the process of metal coins, the Chinese Song Dynasty began using paper to assign values to currency in the 7th century on a local scale, before it becomes more widely adopted in the 11th century. By the 12th century, there was 26 million times more paper currency being printed than coins being produced each year.

It took until the 16th century in London for paper currency to become widely used, with various goldsmiths accepting gold in exchange for their paper values. The paper ‘promissory notes’ that were given out started to be exchanged themselves, rather than collecting the gold and trading that.

The system was flawed from day one, as the integrity of the goldsmiths, who became banks, and how well known they were, directly related to how likely a promissory note would be accepted. In 1694, more than 100 years later, the government took over and were granted the sole right to issue currency.

Much later, credit cards were introduced by American Express and the Bank of America in 1958, in California. It took a long time for credit and debit cards to really catch on, and even today, in the first world, it’s quite normal to find shops, cafes and restaurants who don’t accept this form of payment. Talk about laggards!

How long until the mainstream adoption of crypto?

There are three major indications that crypto is being widely adopted; the rise in value due to the rise in demand, the attempts of central governments to reduce the dependence on cash and increase the emphasis on credit and debit cards, and the emergence of new ways to apply cryptocurrencies.

In India in the summer of 2017, the government banned the 500 (£5.80) and 1,000 rupee notes overnight in an attempt to tackle cash hoarders. It was a spectacular failure, causing panic, unrest, and 99% of the newly illegal money ending up back in the banks anyway. For a country that mostly works on a cash basis, the people simply weren’t ready for this.

In 2015, the state of Louisiana tried to ban cash transactions between citizens, before it was deemed unconstitutional and thrown out. In the end, a law was passed banned the cash purchase of precious metals, like gold and silver. With some governments seeing cash as a threat, it’s only natural to see them pushing people towards a more digital system.

“Cryptocurrencies rise in value because they are being adopted, not because they rise in value”.

The rise in demand comes from various sources, such as the widespread popularity and discussion on social media, official government comments, airtime on news channels and the increasing accessibility of entry to the market (through platforms like Coinbase).

Our third reason that will affect how long widespread adoption takes, is how quickly big businesses start accepting cryptocurrencies. Microsoft and PayPal were early adopters of bitcoin payments (and donations), as were Dell, Steam, Save the Children, Wikipedia and Tesla.

Transaction fees make small transactions, like buying a cup of coffee, very inefficient with currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum. Cryptocurrency IOTA, which does not exist on the blockchain, is one option for feeless transactions and could be a major player in encouraging widespread adoption.

Bitcoin ATMs

In the UK, there are almost 90 Bitcoin ATMs, which allow you to buy bitcoins physically with cash, input a bitcoin wallet address, and credit your account all in one transaction. Some of these machines allow you to sell your bitcoin and withdraw cash too. Whilst this concept is yet to blow up and take off massively, it is a great indication of what’s to come when Bitcoin is fully adopted.

Conclusion

Who better to conclude this piece than Andreas Antonopoulos, author or ‘Mastering Bitcoin’ and ‘The Internet of Money’. In October 2016, at a Bitcoin meetup in Germany, he said: “How long until mainstream adoption? Previous revolutions in money. In the mid-90s, you still couldn’t pay with a credit card in many places. I predict it will take 15-20 years for mainstream adoption of Bitcoin. We are in a race because governments around the world are trying to ban cash and force us to adopt a different sort of digital currency with complete surveillance, where they can flip and switch and you will no longer exist as a person if you doing anything they consider radical. Adoption patterns and the Gini coefficient. The ownership of Bitcoin is not as diverse as it should be, primarily because of the way it grew. But people who got in early and took the risk have been enormously rewarded; no one’s coming to bail out Bitcoin.”

Top 10 Myths about Bitcoin

Top 10 Myths about Bitcoin

You can hardly escape the hype around Bitcoin, it’s everywhere, filling columns in newspapers, creating discussions on TV and spreading its way across the many various social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter & Instagram. The most difficult thing to do for anyone trying to educate themselves is to sort the truths from the lies, which is why we’ve busted the Top 10 Myths about Bitcoin, so you can know exactly what to look out for!

Bitcoin is worthless

Many people do not understand (or are not yet willing to understand) the value of a global, decentralized, portable, peer-to-peer, censorship-resistant digital payment network, simply because it’s not backed by anything such as a government or a commodity such as gold or silver. The fact that Bitcoin can be used and transferred without the need of a bank account or the involvement of a central government is a HUGE plus when compared to traditional currencies.  

There are, however, varying opinions on this point. Some believe that Bitcoin’s scarcity is the main attribute that gives it value, while others claim that Bitcoins are useful because they are required in order to use the world’s most prominent and secure decentralized ledger.

Bitcoin is not backed by anything

Some argue that Bitcoin is not backed by anything, like a precious metal or a traditional currency would be, thus making it incredibly risky.

So, let’s make the first comparison of gold or silver. Firstly, the value of these materials is purely based on what people are prepared to pay for them. Some people see gold as a safe haven from volatile currencies and other global market conditions. There’s nothing wrong with this, however, gold and silver are inflationary because they are viewed as scarce, but nobody knows how much gold is available on planet earth, so there is a flaw to the value.

Traditional currencies (FIAT currencies) were once backed by the value of gold. When we came off the gold standard in 1931 due to the Great Depression, currencies were no longer backed by anything physical. Traditional currencies are now backed by a central government. Maybe you’re fortunate enough to live in a country where your government and currency are quite stable, however, for many this isn’t that case and they can manipulate prices, just look at Zimbabwe and Brazil for example. In November 2008, the monthly inflation for Zimbabwe was 79,600,000,000%. In 2016, five major banks in Brazil (including HSBC and Barclays) were fined for creating a cartel in offshore foreign exchange markets.

The bottom line is that traditional currencies are backed by public faith. If an entire country stops believing that the currency works, has value, or that those who control it are acting responsibly, then the value of that currency is going to start seriously dropping.

Criminals use Bitcoin

The argument that criminals use Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies is absolutely true. Of course criminals use Bitcoin! However, criminals also use cash, like dollars, euros, pounds, or whichever currency is desired at the time.

The problem with cash is that every transaction is NOT recorded and therefore cannot be accounted for on a public ledger, unlike Bitcoin. The fact remains that criminals will use the tools which allow them to complete their work as efficiently and discretely as possible.

The idea that criminals are using the internet and its tools, and therefore Bitcoin should be stopped or banned is quite laughable in reality. Perhaps automobiles should never have hit our roads because they allow criminals to make smooth getaways from crime scenes! Let’s not allow the concept of criminals using Bitcoin as a deterrent for what is a great piece of modern technology.

Bitcoin is in a bubble

At the time of writing this, nearly $600 billion has been poured into the cryptocurrency market, with more than a third of that ($218bn) on Bitcoin alone. The technologies in play have been designed to revolutionize money, data and transactions, allowing currencies to be disconnected or decentralized from governments, who, as we mentioned, like to meddle.

“Absolute power corrupts absolutely”. Think of this Lord Acton quote as a reason to support decentralization. Roman emperors considered themselves gods and went mad with power, even Napoleon declared himself an emperor and now those who rule our governments also want to control our money. This isn’t right.

Let’s use the .com boom as an example of a bubble. There was a great deal of hype around the technology and huge amounts of money poured in. Thousands of companies thought that they would be the next big thing and threw ‘dumb money’ at their ideas. People were investing without understanding. Prices were speculative, and when the market his $5 trillion, the bubble burst.

But, we still have the internet? We still have companies trying to be the next big thing. We have more functionality than ever before. This is because the 90% of websites who jumped in without a clue simply went away, and the useful 10% remained, like Google, Amazon, eBay etc. Learning what to do and what not to do, further down the line we saw new .com businesses arrive, like Facebook, Netflix and Twitter.

If we take the .com bubble and apply the same logic, then the useless or poorly designed cryptocurrencies will be the first to crumble when the bubble bursts. This would indicate that the best thing to do is pay attention to the cryptocurrencies that have longevity, and follow the news about ICOs and stock exchange listings.

An alternative theory is ‘mini-bursts’, in which the market will jump up ten steps and then fall five steps, and repeat. If you see the history of Bitcoin pricing, this autonomous correcting of prices after a rally is always there. We must look at the bubble in its entirety, be bullish and cautious, educate ourselves, remain optimistic and learn from the mistakes of the past.

The CEO of Bitcoin is the only one getting rich

Bitcoin is not a company, it’s a technology (actually, it’s a protocol, but let’s keep it simple) just like the internet and nobody owns the internet. There are different stakeholders in Bitcoin, which includes Bitcoin owners, miners, development teams, and investors.

The founder of Bitcoin is unknown, except for an alias they used called Satoshi Nakamoto. It is rumoured that Nakamoto has more than 1 million Bitcoins, which would make him or her a billionaire if they were to sell. However, since some test transactions in 2009, Nakamoto has never touched the Bitcoins. If they are getting rich, they’re doing it in another way.

You can’t spend Bitcoin anywhere

We are at the start. As we’ve written before, wide adoption of payment methods takes time, as we can observe throughout history with coins, paper money and plastic cards. Money used to be stored under mattresses or in cash boxes, now we manage it from our mobile phones; our approach to money has constantly changed throughout time. Despite being right at the start of this journey, companies like Overstock and Microsoft are already accepting Bitcoin.

The Litecoin Foundation report that they are seeing more companies create methods to facilitate transactions with their cryptocurrency too. Bitcoin may instead become a digital storage for future value, rather than an everyday currency used to purchase goods and services (it’s most likely that both will occur). The reason for this is that other cryptocurrencies have been designed for faster transactions and lower fees, like Litecoin, Monero & Bitcoin Cash.

Bitcoin is illegal because it’s not legal tender

In Venezuela, Bitcoins are illegal, both to mine and to own. But, you just have to look at the sorry state of their government and situation to understand that this isn’t reflective of Bitcoin, but something more oppressive. Those who choose to mine Bitcoin in Venezuela are helping bring themselves and their families out of poverty, thanks to the decentralized nature of the cryptocurrency, even at the risk of jail time.

Because Bitcoin is borderless and doesn’t exist in just one country, it thrives on the blockchain, meaning that it is immune to the economic crises of any one country (like Venezuela).

Aside from Venezuela, Kyrgyzstan, Iceland, Bolivia, Vietnam and Ecuador have all banned Bitcoin. China and Russia have some technicalities on usage too. But, if you’re from the US or Canada, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, or the European Union you’re able to use Bitcoin, and may find out soon that your country has included digital currency in new tax laws to make things more accommodating.

Bitcoins are used primarily to launder money

As we wrote before, Bitcoin transactions are all kept in a ledger that is publicly accessible. So, if you choose to launder money through Bitcoin, you’re making the mistake of leaving a trace. There are more efficient methods of money laundering, we can only assume. Whether people are using it to launder money or not, it’s certainly not the primary use.

It has been mentioned by many cryptocurrency experts that the reason so many governments and institutions support decentralised cryptocurrencies is because these ecosystems are much cleaner and contain less dirty money than traditional banks! Banks are incentivised to get as much money inside them as possible, allowing for corruption and paying off fines when caught. With Bitcoin, there’s no incentive to launder money.

Bitcoin can be hacked and I’ll lose my money

When Bitcoin first launched, this myth may have been truer, but over time, security has increased tenfold.

Exchanges, such as Bitfinex, Gdax, Binance and Coinbene offer 2-factor authentication when logging in, meaning that a mobile device is required to confirm your identity. As well as this, when signing up for an exchange, you are required to provide pictures of your passport or identity, making your account even more secure.

For those who are concerned about losing their Bitcoin to hackers, it is very common to store your coins and protect your crypto-assets in a soft or hard wallet. Soft, or software wallet, is a programme on your computer that stores your Bitcoin safely, though they are not perfect, it is possible to hack them. Hard, or hardware wallets have 0 reports of theft, and the reason for that is that they are encrypted physical devices, such as hard drives, pen drives or miniature digital signage tools. Whilst the devices themselves could be stolen, the Bitcoins they contain cannot (unless the login information is stolen too).

For those who keep their money in their exchange wallets, there is little to worry about, unless you are trading noticeably large amounts that might gain the unwanted attention of highly skilled hackers.

Bitcoin is the only ‘real’ cryptocurrency

There are many different cryptocurrencies and crypto-assets, in fact, at the time of writing this there are 1000’s available. Many of them are built on the Bitcoin protocol, so in fact use a ‘system’ which is proven to scale.

Litecoin, for example, was developed by former Google employee Charlie Lee, who improved on the current system by making it faster, and with lower fees. There are also other cryptocurrencies, such as Monero and ZCash, which allow anonymous transfers. In addition, we also have Ethereum, which can be best explained as a giant, decentralised world computer with the ability to run smart contracts and also allows developers to build ‘crypto-assets’ on top of it.

There are a lot of cryptocurrencies out there which serve different purposes, but in this early stage of using this type of technology, and the enormous opportunities to raise millions through ICOs, there will be a lot of bad ideas, inexperienced teams, and projects which are likely to fail (See point 4 about the Bitcoin ‘bubble’).

The bottom line is that Bitcoin has scaled the most, in the most secure way so far, and continues to lead the march in terms of their market cap.

 

What is Litecoin?

WHAT IS LITECOIN?

Lіtесоіn (LTC оr Ł [1]) is a рееr-tо-рееr сrурtосurrеnсу аnd open ѕоurсе software project released under MIT/X11 lісеnѕеѕ. Crеаtіоn аnd transfer оf соіnѕ іѕ bаѕеd on an ореn-source сrурtоgrарhіс рrоtосоl and іѕ nоt mаnаgеd bу аnу сеntrаl authority. Whіlе inspired bу, and in mоѕt regards technically almost іdеntісаl tо Bіtсоіn (BTC), Litecoin іѕ far quісkеr аnd cheaper.

At the time of writing this article (2nd Jan 2018), Litecoin sits at $254 per coin.

How much is Litecoin worth?

On December 18th 2017, Litecoin reached its all-time high, $360.93, which, when compared to the price one year before ($4.40), was an incredible 8200% rise. This is wholly reflective of a booming cryptocurrency marketplace, whose total market cap ballooned from $17.7bn to around $650bn in just one year, an increase of over 3,600%.

Where can Litecoin be used?

Litecoin is frequently compared to Bitcoin, which functions almost exactly the same, aside from the cost of transactions, which are around 1/50th of the size. For many cryptocurrency traders and users, Litecoin pricing acts more rationally than Bitcoin, and with a more sustainable future.

As we see some online stores begin to accept cryptocurrencies, we will see it possible to buy jewelry, groceries, clothes, electronics and more. Since the value of Litecoin is determined by demand on currency trading websites like Bittrex, Binance, GDAX, and Coinbase, it is possible to envision an online shopping platform where the price of products constantly changes to reflect the value of the accepted coins.

As well as trading and purchasing, it is possible to mine this crypto, though this is a very technical activity and requires a decent amount of computer knowledge. A good computer is enough to mine coins very slowly, but a serious miner would use processing units that rapidly solve mathematical equations that support the blockchain.

Trading Litecoin

The rise in popularity of Litecoin and other cryptocurrencies is largely in response to the demand for alternative currency options that separate themselves from centralised banks and governments. The other side of the demand is from traders and investors who have realized the massive potential that cryptocurrencies have to offer, and so many stock and forex traders have changed market (remember, the market grew from $17.7bn to $650bn in one year). Cryptocurrency is arguably easier to enter for traders, meaning that in 2017, millions of beginners, as well as seasoned traders, began buying and selling different coins.

Litecoin as a worldwide tool

Litecoins can be used anywhere (though illegally in some nations), by anyone. The fees experience by Litecoin users are lower than those of credit card companies and bank transfers. As an example, one person in France can send a payment to someone in China in seconds, with both parties receiving proof of the transaction (which will be stored on the blockchain). Litecoin was designed to enable quick and cheap payments that are as simple as sending an email.

How many Litecoin are there?

There can only ever be 84 million Litecoins, and as it stands, 55.58 million have been released or mined already, meaning almost 30 million coins are still fair game for miners. The figure of 84 million was based on the 21 million limit of Bitcoin, and the fact that Litecoin was designed to be 4x faster than Bitcoin.

A fixed amount of coins also means that inflation will not affect the overall value of the currency, unlike currencies such as the dollar, pound or euro. For forex traders who feel that a currency might drop in value, they may purchase Litecoins and hold on to their investment before selling back into their currency (hopefully at a profit). External influences (such as governments) can manipulate the value of their currency through inflation and quantitative easing, but the same cannot be done with Litecoin, making it more sustainable long term.

Who created Litecoin?

Litecoin was created by Charlie Lee in October 2011. Lee is a former employee of Google, who designed it to complement Bitcoin by solving some of its issues, like transaction times, fees, and concentrated mining pools. Charlie Lee took the core code from Bitcoin and made his modifications to the code and protocol to work in a way that he felt would best allow for the large-scale adoption of the currency.

One of the main goals was to reduce block confirmation timings from 10 minutes to 2.5 minutes, so that more transactions could be confirmed. This made Litecoin 4x faster than Bitcoin. Each 2.5 minutes, a Litecoin block is mined, and 25 coins are generated. This means that at the moment, 14,400 Litecoins are being mined every day, the maximum amount possible.

Conclusion

Litecoin has so much scope for growth, potential uses, and wide adoption. Right now, we must observe which companies begin adopting it and accepting transactions for their products and services. Other than that, the future of Litecoin is anyone’s guess.

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